Jabir bin Abdullah relates that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “Avoid cruelty and injustice, for on the Day of Judgement, the same will turn into several darknesses; and guard yourselves against miserliness; for this has ruined nations that lived before you. Miserliness led them to bloodshed and to treat the unlawful as lawful.”
The hadīth under study makes one aware that injustice and cruelty towards fellow beings and God’s creations are despised and analogised as darkness on the Day of Judgement. It also reminds us that miserliness is against generosity, leads to bloodshed and has ruined the nations before. A miser does not hesitate in making a prohibited thing permissible for himself!
Cruelty and injustice assume different forms. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ once said that Allah has decreed the fire of Hell for a person who usurps the property of a Muslim through false oath. On another occasion, he warned that “your blood, your belongings and your honour are sacred to each other.”
The Blessed Messenger has admonished the believers against cruelty not only against human beings but also against animals, birds and even plants! After all they too have life.
Miserliness is the manifestation of greed, pretty-mindedness and stone-heartedness. This inevitably leads one to envy, hatred, illegal means of amassing wealth and not looking after the needy, the poor and the destitute.
The have-nots develop a grudge against the haves and wage a class war. The miser becomes a bane of society and when the disease spreads, hatred and enmity results in bloodshed.