Tunisia Back to Dictatorship?
The moment when Tunisian President Kais Saied, in the presence of military and security leaders, announced what he called “exceptional measures” on July 25, it was clear that Tunisia was facing a coup against the constitution and the political system. Prominent political forces, including the Ennahda Movement, after a few days of trying to pressure and resistance, chose to appease the president. The Tunisian General Labour Union also did the same thing. This is because of the confusion which prevailed there, particularly after the crises which the country has gone through. All political parties bear a part of responsibility for it. Instead of Kais Saied correcting his course of action, every sign coming from him and those who are around him suggest what this “learned man of the law” is unable to clearly articulate that Tunisia is getting worst.
When Saied delivered a speech, a few days ago, from Sidi Bouzid, the extent of the tension which he was experiencing was clear. This is particularly after the street protests which seemed to be the first move against his measures, on which a lot could be built, if it further expanded. The man’s face literally came out open, when he talked about “legal missiles ready on launch pads” and his move to put in place “transitional orders.” After September 22 decisions, there are sufficient evidence to confirm that what he was doing was a full-fledged coup pushing Tunisia back to dictatorship.
(by Joumana Farhat in Al Araby Al Jadeed)
Future of US-Gulf Strategic Alliance
A lot has already been discussed about the implications of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan. Some of these analyses suggest that it has also caused a decline in confidence in the existing strategic alliance between the GCC and the United States. It has also resulted in an erosion of confidence in American promises to protect the interests of its allies from among the GCC countries in the event if they are exposed to any threats.
Everybody knows that a heated American debate is raging between Democrats and Republicans about the limits of the US role in the Arab Gulf region. This debate has clearly intensified following the US Shale Revolution and the decline in American demand for oil energy resources. Carter’s approach has framed the relationship between the US and the Arab Gulf region since 1980. According to it, military forces should be used to defend the US interests in the Gulf. This doctrine still exists, but with much lower levels of commitment than in the past. This is due to changing circumstances and the strategic environment. But it is difficult to argue that this doctrine has completely changed because the US as a superpower still possesses a vast network of geopolitical interests in the Persian Gulf region.
The security of the Arab Gulf is no longer an exclusive responsibility of America, but rather has become a concern of all major countries, particularly China, Russia and the European Union states.
(by Dr.Salem Alketbi in Al Arab, London)
Compiled and Translated by Faizul Haque