Sulaiman bin Surad reports that two persons abused each other in the presence of Allah’s Messenger ﷺ and the eyes of one of them turned red as embers and the veins of his neck were swollen. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger said: “I know of a wording; if he were to utter that, his fit of rage (would have been no more, and that wording is): I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed.” One of the persons said: “Do you find any madness in me?” Ibn al-‘Alaa said: “Do you see it?” And he made no mention of the person.
The supplication: Aoozu billahi minash-shaitanir-rajeem (I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed) which Allah’s Messenger ﷺ has enjoined us to pronounce in order to get out of a fit of anger is very meaningful as Satan and the fit of anger have so many similarities.
It was out of anger and spite and losing self-control that Satan disobeyed Allah, for what was demanded from him was not agreeable to him. Similar is the case with one who falls prey to a fit of anger. He becomes angry on hearing anything unpalatable to the ears – no matter whether or not it is right or wrong.
And then he, in a fit of mounting rage, loses control over himself as he becomes forgetful of what he does. Moreover, Satan has been made of fire; and anger is also born of irritability of temperament which is a sort of inflammability of passions.